Sunday, July 31, 2016

A Big Hairy Spider

The entertainment press tells us:

TBS has given series orders to two comedies: The Guest Book, an anthology from Raising Hope creator Greg Garcia, and the animated Tarantula, from Danny McBride, Jody Hill and David Gordon Green’s Rough House. Both are slated for a 2017 debut. ...

Created and written by Carson Mell (Silicon Valley), Tarantula — the first primetime animated series pickup since TBS’ rebrand — revolves around the residents of the Tierra Chula Resident Hotel (aka “The Tarantula”). It centers on Echo Johnson, a respected but uncertified tattoo artist who delivers absurd yet introspective monologues. Echo’s poetic ramblings spin tales of misadventures with the other residents, as they partake in party crashing, dumpster diving and other socially dubious acts of mischief.

TBS has ordered an open-ended run for Tarantula, a co-production of Rough House Pictures and Studio T. Danny McBride, Jody Hill, David Gordon Green and Brandon James serve as executive producers. The network has had great success with recent animated import American Dad. ...

Mr. McBride and Mr. Hill, of course, have East Bound and Down (live action, natch) under their belts, and the new half-hour Vice Principals, which debuted on HBO this month. A few years back they created the cartoon Chozen, so they work both side of the entertainment divide. And bully for them.

Add On: Tarantula is now in the scripting stage, with pre-production being done by Rough Draft in Glendale. The show will be staffing up in the months ahead.

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Your World Box Office

Wooly mammoths and fuzzy animals still fill theater screens beyond our shores.

Foreign Weekend Box Office -- (World Totals)

Jason Bourne -- $50,100,000 -- ($110,100,000)

The Secret Life Of Pets -- $29,500,000 -- ($395,200,000)

Star Trek Beyond -- $13,000,000 -- ($160,500,000)

Ice Age: Collision Course -- $19,500,000 -- $253,700,000)

League Of Gods -- $30,5000,000 -- ($30,500,000)

Finding Dory -- $23,600,000 -- ($830,512,930)

The Legend of Tarzan -- $22,500,000 -- ($309,056,210)

Ghostbusters -- $10,700,000 -- ($158,271,471) ...

Meantime the trade papers tell us:

... The Secret Life of Pets barked up another $29.5M this weekend in 21 territories. The international total is now $99M with 48 more markets to go over the next few months. ...

Finding Dory has this week become the No. 5 film of the year at the worldwide box office with a cume of $831M through Sunday. The extended rollout continued this frame as Dory rode a $10.8M wave into the UK for the 2nd biggest ever Pixar or Disney animated bow ever, behind Toy Story 3. In total, the international weekend was worth $23.6M in 46 territories. ...

[The Legend of Tarzan had] a total session of $22.35M in 64 markets. The international cume to date on the Alexander Skarsgard-starrer is $187.2M. ...

With few new markets added this frame, the 5th Ice Age movie charted $19.5M in its 5th session of offshore play. The international cume is now $211.6M with several markets to come including Italy on August 22 and China on August 23. ...

Ghostbusters after three weekends has slimed $52.1M worth of moviegoers in overseas markets. Russia and Italy got in on the girl-power this frame, helping boost the session to $10.7M. Russia was a No. 1 start with $2.8M from 2,100 screens. ...

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Saturday, July 30, 2016

Your American Box Office

Three out of the top Box Office Ten are of the cartoon persuasion.

DOMESTIC WEEKEND BOX OFFICE

1). Jason Bourne (UNI), 4,026 theaters / $22.7M Fri. (includes $4.3M previews) / 3-day cume: $59.8M to $61M+ / Wk 1

2). Bad Moms (STX), 3,215 theaters / $9.5M (includes $2M previews) / 3-day cume: $26M to $27M / Wk 1

3). Star Trek Beyond (PAR), 3,928 theaters (0) / $6.7M Fri. / 3-day cume: $22.7M to $23M+ (-61%) / Total cume: $104M to $105M / Wk 2

4). The Secret Life of Pets (ILL/UNI), 3,677 theaters (-371) / $5.5M Fri. / 3-day cume: $18M to $19M / Total Cume: $296.7M/ Wk 4

5/6). Lights Out (WB/NL), 2,818 theaters / $3.5M Fri. / 3-day cume: $10.6M to $10.9M (-49%) / Wk 2

Ice Age: Collision Course (FOX), 3,052 theaters (+5) / $3.26M Fri. / 3-day cume: $10.5M to $10.9M (-49%) / Total cume: $42M+ / Wk 2

7). Ghostbusters (SONY), 3,052 theaters (-911) / $2.9M Fri. / 3-day cume: $9.7M to $9.9M / Total: $106.1M / Wk 3

8). Nerve (LGF), 2,538 theaters / $3.75M Wed. (includes $1M Tues. previews) / $2.3M Thurs. / $3.18M Fri. / 3-day cume: $9.4M to $9.7M / Total cume: $15.4M to $15.8M / Wk 1

9). Finding Dory (DIS), 1,733 theaters (-843) / $1.2M Fri. / 3-day cume: $4.15M / Total cume: $469M / Wk 7

10.) The Legend of Tarzan (WB), 1,503 theaters (-1,341) / $670K Fri. / 3-day cume: $2.35M / Total cume: $121.75M / Wk 5

And if you count the CG characters in The Legend of Tarzan and Ghostbusters, we're up to 50% of current features being all or partially animated.

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Stewart Animation

From a fine entertainment journal:

Jon Stewart’s digital animated series is still on track for a launch before the November Presidential election. “My hope is that it will be up and running by September or October,” HBO’s programming chief Casey Bloys said Saturday at TCA.

He revealed more details about the show. “It’s an animated parody of a cable news network. It’s Onion-like, with video and text,” he said. “It’s very much Jon’s voice and tone.” (Stewart also voices the show.) ...

So I'm not sure how this cartoon parody of Mr. Stewart's will perform, but it's always good to see another high profile TV producer jumping into the animation pool.

I'm waiting for the day when 50% or more of all our movie and home-screen entertainment is animated.

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Friday, July 29, 2016

Still More Into the Pool

(It never, ever ends).

An industry trade paper observes:

Two animation veterans, Jay Ahn and Chris Henderson, have launched the full-service animation production company Astro-Nomical Entertainment.

The Burbank-based company will focus on producing mid-budget family animated features, parlaying the properties into continued media, including TV shows, video games and mobile content. It will focus on both domestic and international markets, with a special emphasis on China.

Astro-Nomical is already developing their first project, an animated feature film, Mean Margaret, with Mulan co-director Barry Cook in talks to helm. ...

It looks as though pre-production will be in beautiful Burbank, with production shipped off to Montreal where Free Money is abundant. Mean Margaret will showcase a young human and some furry animals.

Furry animals, if you have been hibernating in the North Woods under a rock and hadn't gotten the word, is all the rage.

Mr. Ahn and Mr. Henderson both know their way around animated productions. Mr. Ahn's last effort, a CG feature entitled The Nut Job, grossed $120.9 million and cost $42 million to produce. Unless production books were barbequed at 400 degrees, it was a profitable picture.

As recent market trends have demonstrated, there is no ceiling on the number of animated features that can frolic in the marketplace. It helps, of course, to have an animated feature that audiences actually want to see, but even if the picture is only "not icky", and costs have been kept to a $30-$50 million budget, the odds are good that profits can be made.

At least, that's the current thinking ... which ALSO decrees that there must be some adorable furry, animals inhabiting the movie. Mean Market appears to fulfill that market requirement, so good luck to Astro-Nomical Entertainment!

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Sony Loss

Sony's movie division isn't (apparently) raking in the dough.

Sony Pictures Division, the Japanese conglom’s unit comprising Sony Pictures’ studio and TV networks, posted a loss of $103 million for the April to June quarter despite a 7% increase in revenue. ...

Happily, Angry Birds, grossing $336 million worldwide, is part of Sony's solution and not the problem.

But the company doesn't seem to have a clear idea of the kind of film slate it wants to create. Super heroes? (Spider-Man VI) Topical dramas? (Money Monster) World War II movies? Sony doesn't release a huge number of movies so branding is important.

Which brings us to Sony Pictures Animation. Inside the animation division, artists have long complained that executives don't have any vision of where they wan SPAt to go. ("Keeping Amy Pascal happy" was never much of a program). SPony Animation's new topkick Kristine Belson could well goose the division to bigger and better projects, but the executives who preceded her were (as Sony artists tell it) too often floundering.

There are a number of pictures in the production pipeline; hopefully they'll perform and make the company proud.

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Thursday, July 28, 2016

Disney-Maker Layoffs

From a journal of entertainment:

Disney’s Maker Studios confirmed today it’s in the midst of layoffs. The digital operation isn’t saying what prompted the changes, but we heard the number of employees affected is about 30. ...

Maker, for those who forget, is a network of 1000 internet channels.

If this sounds familiar, it's because the Mouse followed DreamWorks Animation in the purchase of the "hot property" known as an internet multi-channel network.

Only DWA bought Awesomeness TV for a lot less money than was shelled out by Diz Co. for Maker, and the DreamWorks purchase seems to have panned out a lot better, earning DreamWorks more money.

Sometimes it pays to be the first corporation into the New Business pool, rather than the second or third.

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Comcast Chairman SPEAKS

Top exec Brian Roberts explains how the company feels about animation (and why it bought DreamWorks Animation):

... ["THE SECRET LIFE OF PETS"] IS THE BIG NEWS IN THE FILM DIVISION IN QUITE A WHILE, WHICH IS ONE OF THOSE GREAT BREAKOUT FRANCHISES THANKS TO CHRIS MELEDANDRI AND DONNA LANGLEY AND JEFF SHELL AND RON MEYER AND THE TEAM WE HAVE AT UNIVERSAL DOING A FANTASTIC JOB. BUT PARTICULARLY, IN ANIMATION, WHICH IS WHY WE WANTED TO BUY DREAMWORKS, ANIMATION IS WHERE YOU CAN HAVE THESE, YOU KNOW, INCREDIBLE FRANCHISES AND WITH OUR COMPANY, WITH THEME PARKS, WITH CONSUMER PRODUCTS, WITH CHINA, WITH THE ABILITY TO PRODUCE SEQUELS, IT DID OCCUR IN THE THIRD QUARTER. YOU'RE TOTALLY RIGHT. LAST SECOND QUARTER WE HAD "JURASSIC WORLD" AND "FURIOUS 7" SO THIS WAS ALWAYS GOING TO BE A DOWN QUARTER IF YOU JUST LOOK AT THAT 90-DAY TO 90-DAY GLIMPSE, THAT'S NOT WHAT I LIKE TO DO. NBCUNIVERSAL HAD A REALLY STRONG QUARTER, FANTASTIC FIRST HALF OF THE YEAR, AND BIG PART OF THE SECOND HALF WILL BE "SECRET LIFE OF PETS" AND WE HAVE A MOVIE COMING AT THE END OF THE YEAR FROM THE SAME TEAM CALLED "SING" WHICH WE'RE REALLY EXCITED ABOUT AS WELL. AND THAT'S WHAT GAVE US THE CONFIDENCE TO WANT TO BUY DREAMWORKS. SO WE JUST GOT BACK FROM A TRIP TO CHINA AND LOOKED AT, YOU KNOW, THE THEME PARK POSSIBILITY IN BEIJING AND IT'S ALL FUELED BY THIS GREAT CONTENT THAT WE NOW HAVE IN THE COMPANY. ...

Why CNBC put Mr. Roberts quotes in caps is a mystery. Or maybe Mr. Roberts was SHOUTING during the interview. ...

It's not hard to see why Chairman Roberts went after DreamWorks, they want content and they want merchandise and they want branding for Universal's amusement parks. But at bottom, this all goes back to the big profits that animated product pulls in.

The ongoing good times continues to amaze some older artists who remember when times were not so good. While working the IATSE's booth at SIGGRAPH today, I encountered a veteran animator who expressed amazement at how animated features and television show have been booming for the past several years. He asked me how long I thought the salad days would continue.

I was happy to answer him promptly, saying I had no idea. Brian Roberts obviously thinks the golden days will continue for a stretch, but I observed that the boom times won't last forever, because they never do. Going back to the 1930s, animation has endured many boom/bust cycles, so it will likely happen again. But what separates this boom from its earlier cousins is the sheer breath of it. Lots of companies are prospering, and that is more than a little different.

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Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Netflix Pursues Youth

Maybe the most interesting wrinkle of this ...



... or this ...



... is that Netflix is spending some heavy coin to license Beatles music and make CG animated series for the pre-school set. Because that's the demographic NF is going after here.

Netflix is serious about corralling young viewers by any and all means possible. Whether this offering does that job or not, who knows? But nobody can say the SVOD service isn't seriously working at it.

As for the musical rights being granted to Beat Bugs young producer Josh Wakely, the New York Times said this:

... The kind of rights that Mr. Wakely sought are rarely granted, and the deals were all the more remarkable given his relative inexperience. He had just a handful of credits to his name as a writer and director when he began the process half a decade ago. Securing rights to the Beatles works — including more than 250 songs by John Lennon and Paul McCartney — took three years; the deal is estimated at nearly $10 million.

“I had no idea how complicated or how ambitious an idea it was,” Mr. Wakely said. “I’m glad I was so na├»ve, because I wouldn’t have pursued it otherwise.” ...

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Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Animation Guild Statistics

A brief review of newer TAG data:

Active TAG Members -- 3,255

Artists, Writers and Technicians employed -- 3,751

Employment percentages -- 77% male; 23% female

The employment of women in various classification has seen slow but steady growth. Three years ago, women comprised 19% of the work force. A year back, they made up 20.5%. Today their share of Guild animation work is 23%.

Fifty years ago, women comprised half of the Guild's employed work force, but the work was concentrated in the back-end of production such as checking, inking and painting.

The ratio of men to women in the animation field changed drastically when this work was outsourced to Asia in the 1970s. At the time, there were relatively few women in pre-production categories: writing, storyboarding, design, etc. That older reality is changing.


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Justice League

Detective Comics drops a story reel of well-loved super heroes.



Warner Bros. Animation has had a hammer lock on the quality presentation of caped enforcers. Unlike Warners live-action group, Bruce Timm and staff never seem to wobble with their approaches to the material.

Justice League Dark was rolled out in comic book form in 2011. And the animation group has had more success shaping the material up for wider consumption than live-action producers on the main lot. So kudos to the animation group.

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Monday, July 25, 2016

Too Much Of A Commercial Thing

A fine entertainment journal tells us:

Canadian comics publisher Arcana Studios and China’s Yisang Media have launched production on Pandy, a 3D animated feature that about pandas battling aliens. Yisang’s Los Angeles-Beijing Studios (LABS) and Arcana are producing the film, which was announced today at Comic-Con. ...

This sounds like a studio exec's hot idea ... after a five-day drinking binge ending on the floor of a Rosarita bar in a warm puddle of his own sick.

Don't these folks remember what happened when too many penguin movies crowded into the marketplace? Audiences stopped attending them.

Too many panda movies will do the same thing. Even the KFP series from DreamWorks has an expiration date.


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Thirty-Two Years Ago in Toluca Lake (aka Burbank)

The Animation Guild held an awards banquet for industry veterans.

... The First Golden Awards Banquet ... was put on by the Motion Picture Screen Cartoonists, IATSE Local 839’s (today’s Animation Guild), at Sorrentino’s Restaurant, in Toluca Lake, California, on January 20, 1984, to honor those who had been in animation for 50 years or more. (They also occasionally honored a comic strip/book artist or two, as some did fall under the union’s jurisdiction.)

The first banquet honored 41 people, though only 36 showed up; it was a huge success and is remembered as one of the largest gathering of Golden Age animation artists since Montreal’s Expo ’67. ...



That first Golden Awards Whoop Dee Doo was a pretty boisterous affair. A lot of cartoon veterans hadn't seen each other in years, and Sorrentino's banquet room was packed (the restaurant is now long gone). Bob Clampett was there ... in one of his last industry appearances (he died abruptly four months later in Detroit Michigan), as was Chuck Jones, Eric Larson, Cal Howard, Bill Hanna and Grim Natwick among numerous others.

Because there were so many honorees, award presentations were brief, but food and drink were abundant and there was lots of lively talk at the long tables. The only comparable gathering of animation talent occurred six-plus years later at Grim Natwick's 100th birthday party at the Sportsmen's Lodge.

Chuck Jones receives his Golden Award from Business Representative Bud Hester. The white-haired man in the middle distance (behind and to the right of table-marker "9") is the veteran Disney director Jack Kinney. Disney animator Eric Larson sits with his back to camera in the center of the picture, while Disney's Joe Hale -- then the producer of the oncoming "Black Cauldron" -- sits across from Eric in a Western string tie, looking up at Mr. Jones.

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Sunday, July 24, 2016

The First TV Cartoon Animatic

Animatics (digital story reels) got invented in the late 1990s. I thought.

There had been story reels on film -- combining story sketches, voice tracks, effects tracks, and temp music -- for decades, used for animated features back to when Walt was thin and had shiny dark hair.

But story reels for TV? Until computers and low-cost digital storage made the suckers inexpensive and easy, they were avoided like the Zika virus. Now of course, animatics/story reels are ubiquitous in TV land, and every cartoon producer -- with the notable exception of Genndy Tartakovsky -- makes sure he's got them.

But here's the thing: They actually, swear to God, aren't new. Because this ...



This is Crusader Rabbit, the first TV story reel posing as a cartoon ...

... Crusader Rabbit was the brainchild of Alex Anderson, the nephew of animator Paul Terry. Terry, a former newspaper cartoonist, founded animation studio Terrytoons, where he created Mighty Mouse. ... At Terrytoons, Anderson had pitched a character called “Donkey Hote” that was passed on by animators who didn’t want to draw donkeys. Anderson changed the character to an easier-to-draw rabbit, but kept the idea of Quixote, and Crusader Rabbit was born. ...

To get Crusader and Rags [Crusader's goofy tiger sidekick] on television, he teamed up with Jay Ward, a classmate and friend of his going back to grammar school. ... The studio they formed was Television Arts Producers, Producer Jerry Fairbanks originally landed the show at NBC, but the network passed once production , which meant Fairbanks sold it piecemeal to affiliates. The first one to bite was KNBH in Los Angeles, (now KNBC), and on August 1, 1949, audiences were introduced to Crusader Rabbit and Rags the Tiger. ...

I have memories of watching Crusader back during the paleolithic age of television, but those memories are wrong.

Because I remember the show as being animated. What I'm remembering is the show's opening, that four-and-a-half seconds where the rabbit thunders into view on a horse. That is honest-to-God animated action, and about the only chunk of the presentation that is.

The rest of the show? Nothing but a story reel. Held drawings, the occasional semblance of a moving mouth, and the ever-popular pulled cel. As for the rest, it's all edgy narration and snippets of repartee between rabbit and tiger.

Crusader Rabbit got sold station-by-station across the country, sliced into various bite-sized chunks of four-minute segments, eight-minute segments, or half-hours. The show had a strong impact on little kids (I know because I was one of them) and provided a template for Bill Hanna and Joe Barbera seven years later when M-G-M closed their cartoon division and Bill and Joe marched into the new medium to create their own brand of cartoons for TV.

But before H & B or any other television cartoon studio, Crusader Rabbit invented TV cartoons. And ... because Anderson, Ward, et al were hard up for money, the TV animatic.

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International Box Office

The global movie weekend appears to have some cartoons in it, also a lot of animated VFX. (Doesn't everything?)

WEEKEND FOREIGN BOX OFFICE -- (WORLD TOTALS)

Star Trek Beyond -- $30,000,000 -- ($89,600,000)

Legend Of Tarzan -- $44,700,000 -- ($260,500,000)

Ice Age: Collision Course -- $30,000,000 -- ($199,000,000)

Skiptrace -- $44,000,000 -- ($58,500,000)

The Secret Life Of Pets -- $10,000,000 -- ($323,700,000)

Finding Dory -- $19,500,000 -- ($781,700,000)

Independence Day: Resurgence -- $12,200,000 -- ($260,300,000)

Ghostbusters -- $10,500,000 -- ($122,856,739) ...

The latest, which was still-born across the fruited plain, has lots of running room left on the international playing field, where it's collected $200 million. This franchise has made trainloads of money for Fox, but every franchise gets old and under-powered.

Meantime, The Secret Life of Pets made another $10 million overseas, with a total accumulation of $324 million. Finding Dory is looking to breast stroke across the $800 million marker before another week sails by.

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Saturday, July 23, 2016

Marvel

... announces new animated product.

... During their Comic-Con panel on Saturday, July 23, Marvel Animation announced a new full-length animated film, Hulk: Where Monsters Dwell. The movie will focus on the Hulk and Doctor Strange, and will also feature the monster team known as the Howling Commandos. The movie is described as being dark, creepy, and more adult than any of the shows Marvel is currently producing, which could mean it was somewhat influenced by the more adult-oriented animated films coming out of DC. The film will be released sometime this fall.

Marvel also announced they're launching a 12-part series of animated shorts starring Rocket Raccoon and Groot. A brief clip was shown, and I can say that the animation is beautiful and unlike any of the other cartoons in Marvel's stable. The shorts will air on Disney XD, and Marvel plans on eventually producing more shorts for other properties. ...

A lot of Marvel's animated series pre-production work is done in two Disney buildings located near Flower Street in Glendale. But the Rocket and Groot shorts? Created off on the other side of the planet, in France:

With the French film commission Film France offering new tax credits to studios who develop projects in L'Hexagone, several animation studios are headed there for new projects, including Marvel Animation. ...

Nineteen different projects are currently being worked on in France, and two of those include new Marvel Animation TV shorts, Ant-Man and Rocket and Groot. Directing duo Ugo Bienvenu and Kevin Manach, who have a handful of animation projects under their collective belt, will be handling Ant-Man. ...

Never, but never, underestimate the power of Free Money.

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Your American Box Office

Three animated features in the Top Ten, but the new one with big furry elephants and a twitchy ground squirrel doing less well than the furry elephant movies that came before it.

WEEKEND BOX OFFICE

1). Star Trek Beyond (PAR), 3,928 theaters / $23M Fri. (includes $5.5M previews)/ 3-day cume: $60.3M /Wk 1

2). The Secret Life of Pets (ILL/UNI), 4,048 theaters (-333) / $8.8M Fri. (-42%)/ 3-day cume: $29.4M (-42%)/Total Cume: $260.8M/Wk 3

3). Ghostbusters (SONY), 3,963 theaters / $6.6M Fri. (-61%)/ 3-day cume: $22.5M (-51%)/Total: $87.7M/Wk 2

4). Lights Out (WB/NL), 2,818 theaters / $8.4M Fri. (includes $1.8M previews)/ 3-day cume: $20.2M /Wk 1

5). Ice Age: Collusion Course (FOX), 3,992 theaters / $6.6M Fri. (includes $850K previews)/ 3-day cume: $18.5M /Wk 1

6). Finding Dory (DIS), 2,576 theaters (-960) / $2.1M Fri. (-34%)/ 3-day cume: $7.3M (-35%)/Total cume: $460.3M/Wk 6

7.) The Legend of Tarzan (WB), 2,844 theaters (-707) / $1.9M Fri. (-43%) / 3-day cume: $6.4M (-42%)/Total cume: $114.8M/Wk 4

8). Mike and David Need Wedding Dates (FOX), 2,137 theaters (-871) / $1.2 Fri. (-48%) / 3-day cume: $4M (-48%)/Total cume: $40M/Wk 3

9). The Infiltrator (BG), 1,537 theaters (-64)/ $826K Fri. (-45%) / 3-day cume: $3M (-44%)/Total: $11.9M/Wk 2

10). Central Intelligence (WB/NL/UNI), 1,602 theaters (-779) / $858K Fri. (-46%) / 3-day cume: $2.9M (-46%)/Total: $123.2M/ Wk 6 ...

Ice Age 5 will be making most of its money overseas. The good news for Fox is, the picture is already raking in tall piles of loot beyond American shores.

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Friday, July 22, 2016

"Giant" Documentary



Brad Bird introduces The Giant's Dream: The Making of the Iron Giant.

... The documentary spends a good deal of time examining how “The Iron Giant” succeeded in making a moving, human story about a robot and a small boy contemplating the meaning of life. Citing “the best test scores” Warner Bros. had seen since the mid-’80s and widespread support from critics, “The Giant’s Dream” successfully balances the good and bad of the film; and deftly explains how a film quickly seen as a flop could develop into a relevant tale for modern audiences, especially in light of recent gun-related tragedies.

Insights abound throughout the feature-length documentary — soon to be available on a new Blu-ray edition of “The Iron Giant” — and it’s notable the feature includes no talking heads. Voiceover accompanies original animation, behind-the-scenes footage and a few interviews conducted during the film’s original release. ...

I remember when Warner Bros. Feature Animation started making Iron Giant. The division was in trouble. It had released Space Jam (a hit) and Quest For Camelot (decidedly not a hit) and there had been management changes. The company did not give Iron Giant a large budget, but a dedicated crew turned out a superior movie.

The downside was, Giant didn't perform at the box office. A lot of the animation community was not happy about this, and there was anger at Warner Bros for botching the release, but maybe the feature was out of synch for its time. Audiences were flocking to CG animated features and ignoring CG's older, hand-drawn cousins. (It didn't help that many of the 2-D features released at the end of the nineties were not as strong as the specimens from the front of the decade.)

So let's conjecture idly.

If The Iron Giant had been made as a CG feature in 1999, with the same designers, actors, and story beats, how would have it performed? More than likely very well.

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Molding Young Minds

... for twenty years.




South Park isn't covered by a Guild contract (or many other CBAs, from what I've been told) but twenty years a a milestone.

And Younger Son has watched it for most of its run. I don't blame him, even though he's a traitor to his union mother and father. The show is often hysterically funny.

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Thursday, July 21, 2016

The IATSE Executive Board

Since Monday I've attended the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees' Executive Board Meeting, high above the San Francisco Bay. There have been reports from all around the country. Production reports. Organizing reports. How the IA is using social media and all the other new technologies to communicate with its members.

A lengthy report about the 45,000 IA members living on the west coast, their production locals and the pension and health plan (the MPIPHP) happened today. Here are a few highlights: ...

West Coast Motion Picture/TV Production

The contracts negotiated last year now have finalized new language after twelve months of review and fine-tuning. The IA now has 9 new signator companies, and there are multiple new reality (non-scripted) shows under contract.

Mobile device viewing is up 25% year over year; regular TV viewing is down 10%. Vancouver is now the largest visual effects production center on the continent.

Rough Draft Studios has now signed a contract with The Animation Guild, after holding a partial production contract in 2006. The IA and TAG worked together to make the contract happen.

Tax subsidies are pulling live-action productions to various states. Ohio, Kentucky, New Mexico, and Georgia have incentives (also California and Georgia) have incentives. States that have ened subsidies have lost production work almost immediately.

One hundred percent of U.S.-based live-action production work shot in Canada is under IATSE contracts. Organizing is robust in the Southern U.S., and more grievances are being filed on the West Coast with the help and support of IA representatives. Organizing movies and television shows has been a key activity of the West Coast office since major contract negotiations ended.

Motion Picture Industry Pension and Health Plan (MPIPHP

The Plan now holds $8 billion in assets, and 46,000 participants.

The were 89 million hours of contributions flowing into the Plan in 2015; hours are running 7% above that number in 2016. And health coverage expenses are running 3% below projections in 2016.

IATSE National Planskk

$1.4 billion in total assets.

47,000 participants under National Plan health coverage

69,000 participants are under the National Plans' annuity funds.

From another report: technology is driving the consolation of TV jobs, cable jobs, news jobs, and the public airwaves. Broadband is being sold to te highest broadband for profit maximization, and the news media isn't covering the story very much.

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Comic-Con Commercials (ization)

Today's the big opening. But the opening is only a wee part of it.

... [Comic-Con launches today, but] promo-wise the San Diego confab is already in full swing with The Walking Dead, Conan O’Brien, Marvel’s Doctor Strange and Designated Survivor dominating.

Also coming in strong on the skyline and streets of SDCC 2016 are Mr. Robot, which is splayed across buses and bicycle taxis, History’s Vikings, the Amazon Village featuring The Man in the High Castle and Thunderbirds Are Go exhibits, South Park’s 20th anniversary park, Adult Swim and FX’s The Strain. ...

Once upon a long ago, Comic-Con was a couple of rooms inside the El Cortez hotel with comic book enthusiasts buying and selling the old time magazines off of card tables. And there were a few other geeks wandering around in movie costumes.

But then the entertainment conglomerates discovered the convention was a spiffy way to promote summer blockbusters, animation, and various t.v. shows, and the hawkers of comic books got shouldered aside. And now it's all about the newest Marvel product on large or small screen, and panels with actors and directors, plus a generous dollop of animation since that is the other hot category of movie these days.

Oh yeah. And late night talk shows broadcast from San Diego, because the interlocking of promotion platforms needs to be total and complete.



Comic-Con has long-since stopped being a comic book convention. Now it's a venue for large companies to tub-thump for their big-budget summer tent poles, be they live-action or animated.

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Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Renewal??

So CN announces, and the trades report ...

The Powerpuff Girls has been renewed for a second season.

Cartoon Network has given the green light to the animated series, which was revived in April, 18 years after its initial run spawned 78 episodes and a 2002 feature film. ...

Of course, we've heard these "renewal" and "ordering of new shows" thingies before ...

The studio has announced pick ups before, then it turned out they were just divvying up shows already in the pipeline into multiple seasons.

Not saying this is happening here, but beware of press releases. "New shows" sometimes mean shows already in work are getting labeled "Season #2", "Season #3," etc.

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Jeffrey Moves To Tech ... And Meledandri Ponders

Mr. Katzenberg journeys on with his life (DreamWorks employees tell me he's been very relaxed in and around the DWA campus). Chris Meledandri works to figure out what he wants to do as regards Universal-Comcast's newest subsidiary.

... NBCUniversal's $3.8 billion acquisition of DreamWorks Animation appears to be rolling along at a faster-than-expected clip and could close as early as late August, according to sources. Once that happens, CEO Jeffrey Katzenberg is expected to pursue a technology-centric venture at the intersection of Hollywood and Silicon Valley, with offices close to his Beverly Hills home. ...

DreamWorks animators are said to be somewhat anxious about the company's future though perhaps also soothed by word that Universal will greenlight two DWA films a year. For 2019, sources say those will be Shrek 5 and a creation from Edgar Wright and David Walliams titled Shadows. ...

An associate says the question [Chris] Meledandri is pondering is: "Should he take time away from his own things [work on DreamWorks Animation projects] or focus on what he's doing [Illumination Entertainment]? He's certainly not going to let his own people be deprived of enough of his attention and suffer." In 2016, there already are more demands on him than usual because, for the first time, Illumination is releasing two movies in one year: Pets and Sing (Dec. 21), with voice talent including Scarlett Johansson and Matthew McConaughey.

Unlike John Lasseter, who now oversees both Pixar and Disney Animation, Meledandri doesn't have a management guru like Ed Catmull to run his company or a bench comparable with that of the Pixar brain trust ...

NBCU management hopes Meledandri is going through what they call his "process" and eventually will become a key player at DWA. For now, studio chief Donna Langley is said to be immersing herself in DreamWorks' business, recently lunching with Katzenberg at The Grill on the Alley and setting meetings with other players. (Katzenberg is still in charge until the deal is done and has been attending previews of upcoming films Trolls and Boss Baby. ...

Management announced Shrek 5 and Shadows to a gathering of employees some days ago. Shrek 5 makes sense, in the same way that Star Wars: The Force Awakens makes sense. Shrek has been a big franchise and Universal is going to work to kick it into high gear again.

Maximize the cash flows of the new acquisition, that's going to be the corporate mantra.

As for Chris Meledandri, execs who know him say that he likes to immerse himself deep in the nuts and bolts of a project. He likes to have long involved meetings with the olks developing and making the movies. He takes time to reflect on the options before him.

Based on those things, large seismic changes at DreamWorks Animation's Glendale campuses aren't likely to happen in a lickety-split manner.

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Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Multiplying Animated Features

Projects keep springing up like mushrooms.

LA-based United Media Capital has formed a joint venture fund with Pigmental Studios and the Santa Monica, CA-based United Independents Group for the co-financing of a slate of animated and live action films. The first film to be financed by the new fund will be “Household Pests,” written by Sergio Pablos, the co-creator of “Despicable Me.”

Pablos, of SPA Studios, along with Marina Martins of Pigmental Studios, will jointly produce the new film, along with Dennis Lorrig, Robert Rodriguez, George Malasek and John Cole. ...

“Household Pests,” based on an original idea from Pablos, follows an imaginative boy, “Cole,” who battles monsters under his bed every night, while his mother refuses to believe that they exist. It takes “Jeb Dee,” an undercover monster exterminator, to help Cole save the town.

Concurrently, the fund will also invest in a second animated project – “Mean Margaret” - based on the popular children’s book of the same name. That film is being produced by Jay Ahn (“The Nut Job” and “The Nut Job 2”) and Chris Henderson (“Return to Neverland,”) with Chuck Williams (“Brother Bear”) managing the creative for Astro-Nomical Entertainment LLC, a new studio from Ahn/Henderson.

Barry Cook (“Mulan”) directed the original development of the “Mean Margaret” project, with character designs by Carter Gooderich (“Finding Nemo.”) ...

The continuing ... and escalating ... success of animated features keeps pulling new players into the market. For a half dozen years there have been warnings that too many cartoons on theater screens will tank the market, but that old chestnut isn't dissuading new players. They've figured out that the calculation of "too many cartoons" has ALWAYS been seriously flawed. It's starting to dawn on people (because boffo box office can be persuasive) that animation is a mode of presentation, not a "genre" of filmmaking, like musicals of super hero epics.

As I've said a few times, nobody ever pontificates: "Well, the reason that Jennifer Aniston's new comedy arrived still-born is because there's just too damn many live-action movies out there."

Nope. Ixnay. They let us know that Jen's latest wasn't funny and stunk up the local AMC. And therefore hardly anybody loaded the wife and kiddies into the minivan to go down and see it.

This isn't complicated. When people want to see this or that motion picture, they go see it. People go to animated features in droves because they like the stories, the worlds and characters they're presenting. If that hasn't become obvious by now, maybe it never will.

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Leveraging the Library

Extending brands across new distribution platforms, that's what it's about.

Digital Domain Holdings Limited, parent company of the award winning Visual Effects house Digital Domain, today announced it has aligned with DreamWorks Animation to produce virtual reality content and experiences for the global family entertainment company’s most iconic and legendary characters, beginning with the worlds of Shrek and Kung Fu Panda. ...

This relationship marks another major step forward as Digital Domain continues its drive to become the industry leader in producing and distributing VR content. With its cutting edge VR tools, artists are continually able to push the boundaries of VR and redefine what is possible. ...

Technology is reshaping the entertainment landscape. The most profitable corner of movie-making? Animated CG features, something that didn't exist prior to 1995. Our fine, entertainment conglomerates recognize that brands need to live on many platforms in order to make money on cell phones and flat screen televisions and global movie screens and (let's not forget) sell toys, games, and every manner of books (do people still READ those things.

So virtual reality? A new partnership? If it extends brands and profits, why the hell not?

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Monday, July 18, 2016

He-Man

Day after tomorrow, this feature gets a screening in San Diego.



I've got a feeling (call it a hunch) that it won't be doing The Secret Life of Pets business.

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Tom Sito's Month In History

President emeritus Tom Sito reviews significant historical sign-posts of July:

July 1, 1941- THE FIRST TV COMMERICAL - During the live coverage of a Brooklyn Dodgers-Philadelphia Phillies baseball game the first FCC sanctioned television commercial aired. It was for the Bulova Watch Company.

July 1, 1970- Hanna Barbera’s attempt to revive the adult primetime animated series with “Where’s Huddles?” It lasted one season.

July 2, 1982- Don Bluth’s The Secret of Nimh premiered.

July 2, 1986- Walt Disney’s The Great Mouse Detective released in theaters.

July 4, 1905- Los Angeles developer Abbott Kinney had broke with his partners over the plans for the Santa Monica Pleasure Pier. He moved down the coast to some marshy wetlands and built a new community with canals, lagoons and gondolas. VENICE California opened on July 4th. In 1925 the City of LA got rid of most of the canals and gondolas. Venice went on to be a seaside mecca for beatniks, hippies, weightlifters like young Arnold Schwarzenegger and VFX houses.

July 4, 1956- MIT’s TX-1 Whirlwind computer added an adapted typewriter keyboard to enter data. The first computer keyboard.

July 5, 1934- The San Francisco General Strike- 100,000 San Franciscans refuse to go to work in a spontaneous demonstration to protest Governor Frank Merriam’s use of the National Guard to shoot striking longshoremen on the Embarcadero. The third largest city in the U.S. was completely paralyzed. Gov Merriam declared martial law but the tanks in the street were helpless. On the 5th day San Franciscans all went back to work.

July 6, 1957- Chuck Jones short “What’s Opera, Doc?” debuted. July 8, 1982- Disney’s TRON premiered.

July 9, 1993- Industrial Light & Magic completed its transition to digital technology by shutting down its Anderson Optical Printer. The Optical Printer system of mattes had been the way VFX had been done since 1909, but the Digital Revolution had changed everything.

July 13, 1925- Walt Disney and Lillian Bounds marry. Lillian was one of the first female animation ink & paint artists.
10

July 17, 1955- Disneyland opened.

July 17, 1968- George Dunning’s The Yellow Submarine. featuring the Beatles premiered in London.

July 17, 1999- Studio Ghibli’s My Neighbors The Yamadas premiered.

July 18, 1939- MGM tried a sneak preview of the film The Wizard of Oz. Afterward they debated cutting the song "Somewhere Over the Rainbow" as slowing down the pace. Finally they decided to leave it in. The film debuted in August to wild success and acclaim.

July 20, 1973- Bruce Lee died of a cerebral edema one month before his last film Enter the Dragon premiered. The handsome martial arts star single-handedly made Kung Fu a national craze and the Kung-Fu film a regular in world movie theaters.

July 21, 1954- The Fellowship of the Ring, first book of J.R.R. Tolkein’s The Lord of the Rings, first published. Fellow author C.S. Lewis said the book “came forth like thunder on a summers day..”

July 22, 1989- Nintendo released the Gameboy.

July 23, 2004- Two armed men enter the Munch Museum in Norway and stole Edvard Munch’s masterpiece The Scream. It was recovered with some water damage in 2007.

July 25, 1943- The Birth of L.A. Smog! A newspaper headline from this date mentioned a ‘gas attack’ of exhaust and haze that reduced visibility to three short blocks.

July 25, 1984- The Lucasfilm Graphics Group (later Pixar) released their first short The Adventures of Andre and Wally B.

July 25, 1951- CBS conducts the first broadcast of color television. NBC made color TV popular in the mid 1960’s.

July 26, 1951- Charlie Chaplin driven into exile by anti communist red-baiters.

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Change

What I said in this month's Guild newsletter, The Peg-board:

Whether you think change is a net positive or negative, change happens. And change will be coming to the Animation Guild this Fall and Winter.

I will be retiring as Guild business representative as of December 6th. I will also be leaving the Animation Guild’s executive board after 33 years. (I served as Guild Vice-President from 1983 to 1986, then served as a board member until 1989 when I became Business Representative).

Jack Thomas, our Guild President, will also be stepping down and leaving the board. And a number of long-serving officers and board members will be departing as well, which means the Animation Guild will have more empty chairs to fill than at any time in recent memory.

So here’s my pitch to any active, qualified member reading this: If you want the animation industry to get better and stronger, if you want the artists, writers and technicians working in it to be more fairly compensated for their work and treated in more enlightened ways, if you believe the industry can be made better from top to bottom, then come to the General Membership Meeting on Tuesday September 27th , and throw your hat in the ring. Run for an Animation Guild office.

“That sounds real good, Steve, but I don’t know a damn thing about serving on the Guild’s executive board! Or being an officer!” ...

Experience has its place, but it’s not a prerequisite. When I came to the Guild’s General Membership meeting back when Reagan was President, I had no idea anybody was going to nominate me for Vice President or anything else. I had been through a long Guild strike, but I had been to three union meetings in my life. I barely knew where the union hall was. I was pretty much a blank slate (putting it kindly) as regards union politics. But I got myself elected, started serving as the new Veep, and learned.

And I found out, as President Emeritus Tom Sito once said: “It’s the most challenging job you’ll ever love.” I served on Guild trial boards, I weighed in on workplace conditions, and I got a glimpse, via the executive board, of how studios not named Walt Disney Productions actually operated. (Until I was on the board, I worked in a pretty cloistered environment inside the Mouse House and didn’t really understand a lot of workplace issues).

Today, your Guild’s executive board formulates Guild policy, helps negotiate contracts, weighs in on grievances against studios, and (in short) has a bird’s eye view of what’s happening in a part of the entertainment industry that has never been larger, more profitable, or more influential than right now.

So what do the jobs of Guild officers and board members entail?
.
If you’re Business Representative, you’re a full-time, paid employee of the Guild. You run the Guild office and supervise Guild staff. You pretty much steer the Animation Guild (with the Guild President as your co-captain) and work with the board to make policy. You file grievances on behalf of members and chair negotiations with the studios. You serve as a member of the Executive Board.

If you are the President, you collaborate with the Business Representative on Guild matters. You preside at membership and executive board meetings, you’re an ex officio member of all TAG committees.

Executive Board Members have general supervision of the affairs of the guild. They decide on matters referred to them by the Business Representative or the membership, and investigate complaints brought to them by the membership or the Business Representative.

(Section Seven of the Animation Guild’s Constitution -- pages 14 through 23 -- explains all these positions -- and others -- in greater detail, but the above gives you the broad brush strokes.)

The Animation Guild has never been larger, more robust, or more prosperous than it is right now. Members in their fifties and sixties have been running TAG for years; now is the time for younger members to step up and mold the Animation Guild into the organization they want it to be.

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Sunday, July 17, 2016

International Weekend Box Office

Three of of the top five features in the global marketplace are animated features. Five out of the top five features have large amounts of animation from front to back.

WEEKEND FOREIGN BOX OFFICE -- (WORLD TOTALS

Ghostbusters -- $19,100,000 -- ($65,1000,000)

Secret Life Of Pets -- $4,400,000 -- ($254,000,000)

Ice Age: Collision Course -- $53,500,000 -- ($127,000)

Finding Dory -- $36,500,000 -- ($721,700,000)

The Legend Of Tarzan -- $22,000,000 -- ($193,700,000)

The Legend of Tarzan -- $22,000,000 -- ($193,650,257)

Independence Day Resurgence -- $16,200,000 --($337,713,740) ...

And an entertainment journal tells us:

... Fox’s Ice Age: Collision Course leads the international studio weekend with $53.5M. Directed by Mike Thurmeier, the fifth film in the animated franchise took the total markets to 51 this session and brought the overseas nut to $127M. ...

[Ghostbusters had] a $19.1M international opening this weekend in three majors and some smaller plays. The UK was tops with $6.1M. ...

Leading market share in 35 offshore hubs, Fox’s Ice Age: Collision Course charted $53.5M from 15,132 screens in a total 51. The international cume is now $127M. France led openings with $7.2M from 873 screens. ...

Finding Dory splashed up a further $36.5M to take the international cume to $276.2M and the global total to $721.7M. ...

[The Legend of Tarzan collected] another $22M on 8,600 screens in 55 markets. The international total for the update on Edgar Rice Burroughs’ classic character is $90.6M. ...

[Independence Day Resurgence's] total weekend was $16.2M from 7,605 screens in 55 markets. That brings the offshore invasion to $239.2M. ...

A lot of the cinematic product made today contains an abundance of CG animation. Given current box office results, there will be more animated and hybrid features put into production in coming months/years. Our fine entertainment conglomerates know when they're on to a good thing. And act on the knowledge.

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Saturday, July 16, 2016

Meanwhile, Little Silver Disks

You probably thought the DVD and Blu-ray era was totally over. But no ...

DreamWorks Animation’s “Kung Fu Panda 3,” distributed by 20th Century Fox, earned a second week atop the NPD VideoScan First Alert sales chart, which tracks combined DVD and Blu-ray Disc unit sales, and the dedicated Blu-ray Disc sales chart.

Holding onto the No. 2 spot on both charts for a second week was Walt Disney Studios’ “Zootopia,” which in its fifth week sold 78% as many copies as the “Panda” sequel in its second (and 71% as many Blu-ray copies).

Moving up a spot to No. 3 on both charts was Fox’s “Deadpool,” in its ninth week. ...

While animation doesn't generate the multi-million sales of little silver disks tht happened before streaming and Subscription Videon on Demand, it still performs better than many live-action titles.

This happens because Blu-ray and DVD players are incredibly inexpensive, and children love to watch their favorite cartoons ... over ... and over ... and over.

Older technologies fade over time, but they seldom go completely away. (Has radio disappeared? Movie theaters?) Our fine, entertainment conglomerates will sell their Intellectul Property across any and all distribution platforms. Blue-ra and DVD disks, and before them rectangular VHS tapes, generated millions in revenue. Certain cash stream have declined, but studios have no intention of abandoning them.

So if animation makes money on small shiny disks, Disney, Comcast-Universal and the rest will keep selling them. Both current and classic animation generate cash, and titles keep selling, even as Hangover 2 and Date Night have become minimalist titles on Amazon.

Live action comedies have limited life-spans. Snow White, Pinocchio and Toy Story. are forever.

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The Domestic B.O.

Animated features and live-action movies with abundances of animated effects crowd against the top of the list.

WEEKEND GROSSES

1). The Secret Life of Pets (ILL/UNI), 4,381 theaters (+11) / $15.3M Fri. (-60%)/ 3-day cume: $50.6M (-52%)/Total Cume: $203.4M/Wk 2

2). Ghostbusters (SONY), 3,963 theaters (+11) / $17.1M Fri. (includes $3.4M previews)/ 3-day cume: $45M /Wk 1

3/4). Finding Dory (DIS), 3,535 theaters (-335) / $3.2M Fri. (-49%)/ 3-day cume: $11M (-47%)/Total cume: $445.5M/Wk 5

The Legend of Tarzan (WB), 3,551 theaters (-40) / $3.2M Fri. (-48%) / 3-day cume: $11M (-48%)/Total cume: $102.3M/Wk 3

5). Mike and David Need Wedding Dates (FOX), 3,008 theaters (+26) / $2.3M Fri. (-65%) / 3-day cume: $7M (-58%)/Total cume: $30.8M/Wk 2

6). The Purge: Election Day (UNI), 2,671 theaters (-150) / $1.9M Fri. (-53%) / 3-day cume: $5.9M (-52%)/Total cume: $70.9M/Wk 3

7). Central Intelligence (WB/NL/UNI), 2,381 theaters (-460) / $1.5M Fri. (-39%) / 3-day cume: $5.2M (-35%)/Total: $117.4M/ Wk 5

8). The Infiltrator (BG), 1,601 theaters / $1.4M Fri. / 3-day cume: $4.6M/Total: $6M/Wk 1 Wed. opening

9). Independence Day: Resurgence (FOX), 2,290 theaters (-771) / $1.1M Fri. (-51%) /3-day cume: $3.8M(-51%)/Total: $99M/ Wk 4

10). The BFG (DIS), 2,182 theaters (-1,210) / $1.2M Fri. (-52%) / 3-day cume: $3.7M (-52%)/Total cume: $47.3M/Wk 3 ...

For the next several years, there will be a surge of cartoons with funny, wacky (and whacked out) talking animals. The planning sessions are happening even now.

At the link, Deadline loused up the total cume for "Finding Dory". Someone over there will likely notice the erro and correct it later in the morning. In the meantime it's corrected here.

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Friday, July 15, 2016

One-Two Punch

As of Thursday, Secret Life of Pets had earned $152.6 million and second place Finding Dory and tucked away $434.5 million.

This can't possibly be correct.

How can two animated features be thriving at the same time? HOW? And if you tell me "They're different", I will tell you "cannibalization!" ... "Crowding each other out of the marketplace!"

Because two animated features can't co-exist in the Big List without one or the other (or BOTH!) being mortally wounded! Not possible!

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Sony Hires

From your friendly neighborhood press release, up in the Land of Free Money:

Randy Lake, president of Sony Pictures Imageworks, the Academy Award®-winning visual effects and animation unit of Sony Pictures Entertainment, today announced four new hires at the studio’s Vancouver headquarters: senior VP, production, Michelle Grady, VP, artist management, Ryan Pollreisz, veteran visual effects supervisor Sue Rowe, and art director Daniel Cox.

Michelle Grady, senior VP, production, will oversee Imageworks’ growing roster of more than 600 visual effects and animation artists. Grady has spent 23 years in the Visual Effects and Post-production industry in Vancouver, where her career grew alongside the expanding film production business in the city. She joins Imageworks from visual effects studio MPC, where she served as head of film, managing projects including Batman v Superman, Guardians of the Galaxy, Godzilla, Maleficent, and Life of Pi. Prior to MPC, Grady was VP and general manager at Technicolor. She will be taking over for Lydia Bottegoni, who currently heads production for Imageworks, and will be stepping down later this summer.

As VP, artist management, Ryan Pollreisz will manage crewing, recruiting and training for Imageworks. Pollreisz joins the company from his previous position as managing director of production at Deluxe and Encore.

Sue Rowe, visual effects supervisor, joins Imageworks from MPC in Vancouver. Talented in traditional animation, 3D animation and compositing, she has nearly 20 years of experience in the industry on projects including The Maze Runner, John Carter, X-Men: The Last Stand, Troy, and visual effects Oscar®-winner, The Golden Compass.

Daniel Cox joins Imageworks as visual effects art director, with substantial experience as an illustrator, storyboard artist, and art director on projects including Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales, The Great Gatsby, The Wolverine, and Gods of Egypt for studios including Animal Logic and Weta.

Commenting on the announcement, Lake said, “Michelle and Ryan are talented executives with deep knowledge of the visual effects industry, and Sue and Daniel are experienced artists with impressive bodies of work. I am thrilled to tap their collective expertise as Imageworks continues to grow.”

Sony Pictures Imageworks is currently in production on the Warner Bros. live-action feature Suicide Squad, The Smurfs: Lost Village and The Emoji Movie for Sony Pictures Animation, Kingsman: The Golden Circle for 20th Century Fox, and Storks for Warner Animation Group. ...

Sony Imageworks continues to thunder along ... in Vancouver.

Because if the taxpayers aren't providing help, the Sonys, Disneys, and Fox-News Corporations have no interest playing in that particular sandbox. Along those lines, I had an interesting conversation with a highly-placed industry lawyer recently; we talked about the conglomerates pursuit of tax subsidies:

"They go where the tax dollars are. Doesn't matter if they've filmed shows for years in North Carolina or Florida. If the subsidies stop, they pull out and go build the sets where they get a tax break. Even if they have lots of stages, lots of sets, doesn't matter. They'll leave in a half-second and go where they get money." ...

That's the way big corporations roll these days. If there's cash being handed out, they are THERE. Free enterprise, fck yeah!

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Thursday, July 14, 2016

Emmy Nominations

All self-respecting blogs are supposed to announce these, yes? It's a rule.

AND THE ENVELOPE

Outstanding Animated Program

Archer • The Figgis Agency • FX Networks • FX Studios

Bob's Burgers • The Horse Rider-er • FOX • Bento Box Entertainment

Phineas and Ferb Last Day of Summer • Disney XD • Disney Television Animation

The Simpsons • Halloween of Horror • FOX • Gracie Films in association with 20th Century Fox Television

South Park • You're Not Yelping • Comedy Central • Central Productions

Outstanding Short Form Animated Program

Adventure Time • Hall of Egress • Cartoon Network • Cartoon Network Studios

The Powerpuff Girls • Once Upon A Townsville • Cartoon Network • Cartoon Network Studios

Robot Chicken • Robot Chicken Christmas Special: The X-Mas United • Adult Swim • Stoopid Buddy Stoodios

SpongeBob SquarePants • Company Picnic • Nickelodeon • Nickelodeon Steven Universe • The Answer • Cartoon Network •
Cartoon Network Studios ...

There are a lot of talented artists and directors in the Television Academy who spend a lot of time reviewing animated shows submitted to the TV Academy. The amount of animation has grown over the years, so it's a challenging job. (It's amazing they can enough carve time out of busy careers, but somehow they manage).

Our congratulations to all the nominees.


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TAG Craft Meetings

As many know, the Animation Guild covers just about every kind of artistic and technical job related to animation: writers, board artists, animators, designers, background artists, and technical directors. (The Guild doesn't cover production people).

As we come to the end of the first year of the 2015-2018 contract, the board's officers and board decided it would be a good idea to hold craft meetings to review how people are faring under the new agreement, and to share information. To that end, Guild membership will come together on the following dates at 1105 N. Hollywood Way, Burbank California:

Craft Meetings - August and September

Agenda:

Review of the 2015-2018 Agreement – One Year In

New Media
Studio Tests
Uncompensated Overtime
Production Schedules
Piece Work
Animatics


1) board artists and revisionists – Tuesday, 7 p.m. August 16

2) timing directors – Tuesday, 7 p.m., August 23

3) designers, background artists – Tuesday, 7 p.m., August 30

4) CG animators, modelers and tech directors – Tuesday, 7 p.m., September 13

5) Writers – Tuesday, 7 p.m., September 20 ...

The Guild has 3,747 people working under its jurisdiction; this is a big jump from where it was five years ago, when the total was 2,718, and slowly climbing
out of the employment doldrums of the early oughts.

Even with the record-high employment, there are abuses that continue: non-comped overtime; overlong storyboard and design tests; unrealistic schedules. Many of these issues have existed for decades, and they are much like plastic pop-up moles in arcade games. A problem gets taken care of on one studio production, and (whattayaknow!) up pops its bristly little head on another show.

These meetings are open to active and inactive Animation Guild members. As we get nearer to meeting dates, handy reminders will go out via e-mail.

Knowledge is power, and the more knowledge you have, the more effective you'll be steering your career through the corporate shoals.

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Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Why The Sequels

Well, they make boatloads of money, that's one simple, obvious reason. But WHY do they make money?



As previously stated, the movie industry has been doing this kind of thing. Pushing emotional buttons, servicing audiences' pleasure and nostalgia centers, that what Hollywood has been about. From the dawn of movies as mass entertainment, they've built films around genres and movie stars.

At the height of the star system, movie companies tailored features to their lead actors' most winning (and bankable) personality traits. Like for instance, here's Clark Gable in the quintessential Clark Gable role, maximizing MGM's profits.



In the world of cartoons, Disney famously declined to make sequels to his features, but there were plenty of sequels with shorts centering on Disney stars: endless Mickeys, a whole flock of Mickey-Donald-Goofy extravaganzas, even a sequel to The Three Little Pigs.

Now that the power of movie stars and "star vehicles" has faded, studios have decided that sequels of earlier blockbusters are the surest way to riches. And the best, most sure-fire route is replicating an original hit's structure and DNA. That's why, for instance, the new Star Wars feature carefully mimics the story beats of the 1977 film. Why the on-coming live action version of Beauty and the Beast apes the animated feature. Why Toy Story II and Toy Story III are scrupulous about fulfilling audience expectations by keeping the characters true to their original selves.

Nostalgia and pleasure centers are powerful things. Our fine, entertainment conglomerates have figured this out, and profited from the knowledge.

H/t Matthew Koh.

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Acquisition Time (Continued)

As goes Universal/Comcast and DreamWorks Animation, so goes a toy company and foreign cartoon studio.

[Hasbro] has acquired Dublin-based Boulder Media, the company behind Disney Channel’s “Wander Over Yonder” and Cartoon Network’s “Foster’s Home for Imaginary Friends.”

Terms of the deal were not disclosed.

“With Boulder, we will deliver the highest quality animation that will engage our audiences with deep storytelling and great characters in a very cost-efficient manner,” said Hasbro chairman-CEO Brian Goldner. ...

Hasbro has been a presence in animation for multiple years now. They run the playbook started by Filmation thirty-plus years ago with He-Man, that Disney does with the Cars franchise. And that ... to be frank ... every entertainment conglomerate does with its animated movies and television shows: use the animated product to sell loads of games, action figures, plush toys, etc.

But what this means (probably) is that Hasbro sees itself being in the animation game for the long haul. And will be creating animated half-hours until the plastic merchandise beloved by children disintegrates and blows away. That will likely happen sometime around 2132.

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Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Out Near the Bob Hope Airport

... Where Tujunga Avenue arrows through the San Fernando Valley ... and the machine shops hum and the big silver birds soar ...

Disney staffers are telling me they're getting a wee bit fatigued at the extra hours they're putting in as Moana sails ever closer to the end of production. ...

"We've got three weeks of animation left, then there's a fairly long gap before the next feature. I don't know how that's going to impact people's schedules."

"The lighting department will wrap at the end of September. Schedules have stayed short through the last few pictures. Moana doesn't seem much different from the schedule for Zootopia, but something feels like it's a little different." ...

I've seen this kind of production fatigue before. It happens toward the end of many demanding pictures. People get burned out, staring at flat-screens all day long, watching the same scene or sequence over and over. The Disney crew is working sixty-hour weeks; some people choose to do five twelve-hour days and others opt for six ten-hour days. Either way, it's demanding, especially after going on for months.

The original Space Jam back in the '90s had a much crazier schedule. The crew had less than ten months to do a pile of hand-drawn animation. People were sleeping under their desks and working 12-hour, seven-day weeks. To walk through that production was memorable. Artists were imbecilic with chronic fatigue. Artists were dozing over their light boards.

Moana's schedule isn't close to being as radical as Space Jam's was. Still in all, the crew is feeling the weight of a long, complex production.

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Leaping the Divide


Another feature animation director crosses over to live-action.

Jennifer Yuh Nelson, best known for helming the Kung Fu Panda movies, will make her live-action directorial debut with Darkest Minds, Fox’s adaptation of the YA trilogy by Alexandra Bracken.

Shawn Levy and his 21 Laps banner are producing. ...

Nelson rose through the animation ranks working on shows such as Spawn and The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest before making her directorial debut with 2011’s Kung Fu Panda 2, which nabbed an Oscar nomination for best animated feature. She directed Kung Fu Panda 3, which was released in January. ...

Jennifer Yuh Nelson broke into animation two decades ago, working as a board artist in television. Being multi-faceted, she also worked as a designer, a background artist, and writer.

She came to DreamWorks Animation a few years after its founding, and worked as a story artist on various DWA features before directing the hand-drawn segment of Kung Fu Panda, then directing the whole kaboodle on subsequent Pandas. Given the trajectory of Jennifer Yuh Nelson's career to date, the move to live-action seems as though it's part of a natural progression.

Jennifer talks about her artistic career at this link and this link.

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Monday, July 11, 2016

Most Successful Year?

This can't be true.

... The highest grossing box office year for animation was 2013, which saw over $1.6 billion in ticket sales thanks to having three films in the top 10: Frozen, Despicable Me 2, and Monsters University. This year, there are four films currently in the top 10, and animation has already grossed over $1.1 billion, with half a year left to make up the difference. It won't take much for the remaining features combined to be successful. Kubo and the Two Strings will see one more major animation release this summer and even if it doesn't set the box office on fire, it should set everything up for a massive holiday season.

We used to be told (over and over) that animated features gobbled each other up at the box office. That there was a glass ceiling for long-form animation and our fine, entertainment conglomerates were making too many cartoons, damnit!

But the premise was always flawed, because animation is just one more format for telling stories on a big screen. If you're telling a variety of tales that audiences want to see, then there really is no cannibalization.

There are now two animated features in the marketplace that people want to see, one about fuzzy domesticated animals and one about fish in the sea. For some reason, upright carbon-based life forms have no trouble paying tickets to view both, probably because different characters and plotlines inhabit each of them. This is not a hard concept to grasp if you frontal lobes aren't too small and under-used.

I believe the media is now catching on to this dynamic. Because the talk about one cartoon dining on another cartoon has pretty much stopped. Finally.

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Animation Guild Golden Award Interviews #32 -- Johnnie Vita and Ed Aardal

As Mr. Deneroff puts up the last of these archived interviews (and many thanks to Mr. Deneroff for posting them), here is background artist Johnnie Vita and animator Ed Aardal, remembering when.



Johnnie Vita jumped into the animation business as a background artist soon after high school and stayed in the industry for decades ... mostly on the East coast. He started his career at Terrytoons (where he ingested his first strong slug of liquor) and years and years later became Ralph Bakshi's go-to background artist, as Michael Sporn explains (with visuals at the link):

... When Ralph Bakshi got Fritz the Cat as a feature, he brought Johnnie Vita along as his Background designer and artist. This was arguably the best decision Bakshi made on the film.

Vita went out with the storyboard and photographed locations that actually existed. His camera was all over Greenwich Village and Harlem. Then he took these photos and did a linear tracing of the settings. Then he colored the images with Luma dyes under the lines that he had traced. These brilliant colors gave the gritty images a luminescent appearance. He manipulated the images and purposed them as the film’s backgrounds. ...

Longtime animator Edwin Aardal came into animation in 1935 (the same year Johnnie Vita entered it on the opposite side of the continent). He worked at Disney as both an effects animator and character animator, on both shorts and features.



Mr. Aardal spent decades at Walt's place, but then was cut loose in the mid 1950s, much to his sorrow. Walt called him back soon after, but Edwin declined, having already lined up other animation work. You can view a bit of that other work below:



Ed Aardal passed away in 1988, aged 77.

You might be asking: Why do these interviews appear on both Cartoon Research and The Animation Guild blog?

The answer's simple. Mr. Deneroff has done most of the work on these 1980s questions-and-answers, and posts them like clockwork every Monday. The Guild, since the interviews were stored at our headquarters all these years, puts them up as well.


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Sunday, July 10, 2016

Originality!

It's now all the rage!

... Counting this year’s successes — Paramount’s “10 Cloverfield Lane,” Universal’s Melissa McCarthy comedy “The Boss” and Warner Bros.’ “Central Intelligence,” which all made it into the top 20 of 2016 so far — fresh intellectual property is decidedly hoisting up this year’s box office.

20th Century Fox-Marvel’s “Deadpool” can also be counted since it is the first film based on the motor-mouthed comic book character after which the movie is named. And it’s the third highest-grossing movie of the year to date, behind “Finding Dory” and “Captain America: Civil War.”

“New ideas help grow the business,” said producer Brad Fuller, whose most recent release is the scary movie sequel “The Purge: Election Year.”

Another indicator Hollywood has found newfound confidence in fresh ideas is Pixar’s recent announcement that it has no more sequels slated after “The Incredibles II” in 2019. ...

These things go in cycles. When remakes are big (Cinderella, Jungle Book) they make the same pictures over again.

When sequels are the order of the day, well whattayaknow! Let's make sequels! (All with the same magic story beats as the originals).

But none of this is new. Hollywood made the equivalent of sequels and remakes in the twenties, thirties and beyond.

Charlie Chaplin pictures.

Harold Lloyd pictures.

Doug Fairbanks or Clark Gable of Tyrone Power films. Stars had features tailored to their screen personalities, most with similar story arcs.

So sure, they were not (technically speaking) remakes or sequels of earlier successes, but they were pretty close to the type of movie products we see and love today. When filmmakers find themselves a winning template, they tend to replicate it. And as more than one critic has noted The Private Lives of Pets borrows lots of its narrative building blocks from Toy Story.

In the end, there is little that is fresh and new under the sun.

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Princesses!

And the flak Disney takes for them.

... Already ... “Elena of Avalor” has run into questions of princess parity, starting with the medium: Why is Disney introducing her through a television series aimed at children 2 to 11 and not in a full-fledged family movie, like her counterparts? “It really seems like a shun,” wrote Mandy Velez, a co-founder of Revelist, a publication targeted to millennial women. ...

Seemingly everyone has an opinion — often delivered as a demand — about what Disney should be doing with its characters, especially when it comes to diversity.

In 2014, tens of thousands of people signed a petition pushing for a Disney princess with Down syndrome. In the spring, the company faced an online campaign to make Elsa from “Frozen” a lesbian. In recent weeks, an online brush fire has broken out around “Moana,” an animated Polynesian adventure to be released in November; an overweight male character has been criticized as offensive to Pacific Islanders. ...

Okay, the male character in Moana might be comfortably built, but doesn't the fact he's voiced by Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson (not comfortably built) count for anything?

Probably not.

Obviously an entertainment conglomerate that desires the continuing goodwill of the public has to keep tabs on various bubbling cauldrons of discontent and address centers of anger. But placating one group sometimes alienates another.

How about having characters serve the contours of your story and using analogies ... in the way the fox, rabbit and other animals work as surrogates for humankind in Zootopia ... instead of being heavy-handed and hitting this issue or that directly on the head?

Nah. Somebody would complain.

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International Box Office

A plethora of animation decorates the global box office.

Weekend Foreign Box Office -- (World Totals)

Ice Age: Collision Course -- $32,200,000 -- ($52,700,000)

Finding Dory -- $29,700,000 -- ($642,800,000)

The Secret Life of Pets -- $7,800,000 -- ($145,800,000)

The Legend of Tarzan -- $27,000,000 -- ($135,400,000)

Independence Day Resurgence -- $21,500,000 -- ($214,300,000) ...

All of the above are either animated features, or movies with large gobs of animation in them. And as the trades tell us:

... As evidenced over the past few weekends, there is a lot of animated fare out there with studios staking out their regions in a staggered manner. ...

With a $32.2M second frame, Ice Age: Collision Course now has a $57.7M cume across 25 markets. ...

Finding Dory netted $29.7M in 40 total territories. The international cume is now $220.2M for a global reel of $642.8M. ...

Independence Day Resurgence, led by a strong debut in Japan where it grossed $6.4M, ... colonized a further $21.5M from a total 64 markets. Crossing $200M international, the total has landed at $214.3M in the 3rd frame. ...

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Saturday, July 09, 2016

Thirty-Five Years Back ...

From TAG President Emeritus Tom Sito:

July 9, 1981 - Walt Disney's the "The Fox & The Hound," released. The first animated feature Walt Disney had no input on. Although the film has brief screen credits, it marks the torch being passed from the Nine Old Men golden age generation to the modern generation of animators.

A complete personnel roster would include Frank Thomas, Ollie Johnston, Woolie Reitherman, Tim Burton, John Lasseter, Bill Kroyer, Don Bluth, Lorna Cook, Henry Selick, Brad, Bird, Steve Hulett, John Musker, Jerry Rees, Glen Keane and many more.

The picture made quite a bit of money for the studio, and a direct-to-video sequel was produced, but I always thought the original could have been stronger.

Sure, it has a wham-bam climax animated and boarded by Glen Keane (directed by Rick Rich), but Ron Clements, me and several others argued that the old dog Chief should have been killed to strengthen the story and hunting dog Copper's motivation.

No luck. In the late seventies, killing off a protagonist in Disney animated feature was strictly forbidden. So Chief remained injured but alive, the plot of the picture suffered, but the studio still got itself a profitable picture.

And life went on.

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Dogs Eat Fish

So for the first time in a long while (maybe forever?), animated features are #1 and #2 on the Big Movie Grosses List. And in the "Show" position (#3) is a live-action movie with a whole lot of animation wrapped inside it. (UPDATE: Okay, so Dory is now #3. But it's still accumulated a tidy pile of greenbacks).

WEEKEND DOMESTIC BOX OFFICE (UPDATED)

1). The Secret Life Of Pets (ILL/UNI), 4,370 theaters /3-day cume: $104.35M/ Per screen avg.: $23,879 /Wk 1

2). The Legend Of Tarzan (WB), 3,591 theaters (+30) / 3-day cume: $21M (-45%)/ Per screen: $5,850 / Total cume: $81.8M/Wk 2

3). Finding Dory (DIS), 3,871 theaters (-434) /3-day cume: $20.8M (-50%)/ Per screen: $5,378 / Total cume: $423M/Wk 4

4). Mike And David Need Wedding Dates (FOX), 2,982 theaters /3-day cume: $16.6M/ Per screen: $5,576 / Wk 1

5). The Purge: Election Day (UNI), 2,821 theaters (+25) /3-day cume: $12.4M (-61%)/ Per screen: $4,392 / Total cume: $58.8M/Wk 2

6). Central Intelligence (WB/NL/UNI), 2,841 theaters (-325) /3-day cume: $8M (-36%)/ Per screen: $2,827 / Total: $108.2M/ Wk 4

7). The BFG (DIS), 3,392 theaters (+35) /3-day cume: $7.8M (-58%)/ Per screen: $2,302 / Total cume: $38.9M/Wk 2

8). Independence Day: Resurgence (FOX), 3,061 theaters (-1,030) / /3-day cume: $7.78M (-53%)/ Per screen: $2,541 / Total: $91.6M/ Wk 3

9). The Shallows (SONY), 2,406 theaters (-556) / 3-day: $4.8M (-45%)/ Per screen: $1,997 / Total: $45.8M/Wk 3

10.) Sultan (YASH), 287 theaters /3-day cume: $2.4M/ Per screen: $8,375 / Total cume: $3.4M/Wk 1 Wed. opening
...

There remain three other animated features hanging by a thread in release at a minuscule number of theaters. The Angry Birds Movie has $106 million; Zootopia owns $341 million; Kung Fu Panda finishes up at $143.5 million.

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Friday, July 08, 2016

End of Sequels

The sequels are definitely coming to a finish, says the Prez of Pixar.

Definitely.

For sure.

Right after the next Incredibles sequel, next Toy Story sequel, next Cars sequel ... and so forth and so on.

(I'm so old I can recall when Toy Story 3 was going to be the last of the Toy Stories. How has that declaration held up?) ...

See, it's like the substance abuser who says he's swearing off the cocaine ... or weed ... or crystal meth. The promise to stop is very heartfelt at the time of announcement, but back sliding is so easy. And in the case of animated sequels, so fcking profitable.

Let's be honest. Filmmakers can always get inspired to come up with "a new story that needs to be told, and that we're all very excited about!" when there's marketing and distribution divisions breathing down filmmakers' necks. It truly inspires that good old inspiration. And if division chiefs feel better pretending cartoon studios owned by conglomerates are actually Renaissance art studios, who does it really hurt?

Only a handful of animation geeks who believed the pronouncements in the first place.

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Class Action Settlement, Part Deux

There is now preliminary sign-off on the wage collusion case.

A federal judge gave preliminary approval to a settlement between animation workers and two major animation studios on Wednesday night.

Blue Sky Studios and Sony Pictures agreed to pay animation workers and visual effects producers a total of approximately $18 million under the settlement.

"The court finds that the agreed-upon consideration of $5.95 million for Blue Sky and $13 million for Sony Pictures is fair and reasonable based on the circumstances, risks involved, and significant recovery from two of the companies whose share of employee-years comprise 20.3% of the class," U.S. District Judge Lucy Koh wrote in the order.

Other major studios named in the class action, including Pixar, Dreamworks, Lucasfilm, Disney and ImageMovers Digital, continue to fight the case.

Lead plaintiffs Robert Nitsch, Georgia Cano and David Wentworth stand to receive $10,000 as a part of the settlement.

Of the approximately 10,000 class members in line for a payday, 2,038 have worked at Sony and 578 have worked at Blue Sky, according to their attorney Brent Johnson.

The recovery for each of the class members averages $1,026.

Nitsch's September 2014 lawsuit claims major animation studios colluded to fix wages and restrict career opportunities for artists. ...

It's difficult to know with certainty where this lawsuit will end up. Some of our other fine, entertainment conglomerates continue to fight it, and they are hanging some of their hats on the issue of timeliness. Their argument is that plaintiffs knew of the shenanigans and waited too long to file claims against them.

H/t Steve Kaplan.

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Thursday, July 07, 2016

Sequels and Bumps in the Roadway to BIG GROSSES

Let's see what's going on with the Lego Franchise:

After moving the animated movie [The Lego Movie Sequel] to Feb. 8, 2019, Warner Bros. has also hired Raphael Bob-Waksberg to rewrite the script.

Phil Lord and Christopher Miller, who directed the first film, penned the original draft. With the duo currently prepping for the “Star Wars” Han Solo spinoff, the studio opted to get a fresh take on the script.

Rob Schrab is directing with Lord and Miller producing along with returning producers Dan Lin and Roy Lee.

The Lego Movie Sequel is the fourth film in the Warner Bros. franchise, which has two other spinoffs on the horizon: The Lego Batman Movie is set for Feb. 10, 2017, and The Lego Ninjago Movie is scheduled for Sept. 22, 2017.

The Lego Movie grossed more than $469 million worldwide. ...

This "rewrite" thing should surprise nobody.

Animated features always get reworked, restructured, rebuilt from the ground up (etc.). Happened on the old Disney features; happens today. Sometimes the second or third pass pays off in spades, yet a happy ending is not always the end result. How To Train Your Dragon got redone and was a solid gold hit for DreamWorks. On the other side of the coin, Pixar's The Good Dinosaur received a do-over and laid a damp fart.

But the take-away here is, what's going on is pretty much within the normal scheme of things. Sure, there are cartoon features that sail through the production process without a glitch, but there are plenty of specimens that don't. So it's kind of a surprise this is even considered newsworthy.,

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Animation Guild Golden Award Interviews #31* -- Hal Ambro and Lee Blair

Hal Ambro and Lee Blair were a bit higher profile than Morey Zukor and Al Bertino, profiled here on Monday. They're reasonably famous names to animation enthusiasts, but not to a lot of other people.

Back in the seventies, old timers at Disney Feature told me what a crackerjack artist and animator Hal Ambro was. But Hal, though he started in animation in the first half of the 1930s, arrived at Disney in 1939 (some sources say '46), after all the supervisory slots had been filled, and none of the top guys -- later known as "the Nine Old Men" -- were pre-disposed to vacate them in favor of a newcomer. (Funny how that works).



Mr. Ambro was an animation work-horse at Disney for twenty years, after which he animated for Chuck Jones and put in a stretch of time at Hanna-Barbera, working on three different features (Heidi's Song, Charlotte's Web, Rock Odyssey). He taught the arto of animation at the California Institute of the Arts starting in 1983, and passed away in 1990.

Lee Blair, brother of Preston and husband of Mary, led multiple artistic lives. He was an animator (and proud of it), he was a color designer, and he was a creator of fine art, principally watercolor landscapes.



Mr. Blair does a pretty thorough job directly above, thumb-nailing his life and career in animation. He served in the Navy the Second World War making training films, then after de-mobilization opened Film-TV Graphics in New York, which produced commercials and industrial films. He wrapped up his long career teaching and painting fine art in Northern California. Lee Blair died in 1993.

* In point of fact, these interviews appeared on Cartoon Research before the interviews we put up a few days ago, but yours truly is just getting around to installing them here, for which apologies.

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